Veds are the most ancient scriptures known to mankind. All Hindus follow Vaidic principles in essence but Arya Samaj stresses on the practical interpretation of Vaidic scriptures. Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati initially introduced 28 principles in Mumbai on April 10, 1875 AD . Later on June 24, 1877 in Lahore he amended them and thus finally 10 basic principles of Arya Samaj were framed as the guiding force. These principles not only simplified the life of a common man but also gave him a comprehensive, moderate and realistic view of life.
The Ten Principles of ARYA SAMAJ
- God is the primary cause of all true science and of all that can be known through it.
- God is Existent, Intelligent and Blissful. He is Formless, Almighty, Just, Merciful, Unborn, Infinite, Unchallengeable, Beginningless, Incomparable, the Support and Lord of all, Omniscient, Imperishable, Immortal, Fearless, Eternal, Holy and the Maker of the universe. To Him alone worship is due.
- The Vedas are scriptiors of true knowledge. It is the duty of all Aryas to read them, hear them being read and recite them to others.
- We should always be ready to accept the truth and give up untruth.
- All action should be performed in conformity with Dharma, that is, after due consideration of the right and wrong.
- The primary aim of the Arya Samaj is to do good for all, that is, promote physical, spiritual and social well-being.
- We should treat all people with love, fairness and due regard for their merit.
- We should aim at dispelling ignorance and promoting knowledge.
- One should not only be content with one's own welfare, but should look for it in the welfare for others also.
- One should regard oneself under restriction to follow altruistic rulings of the society, while all should be free in following the rules of individual welfare.